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1 samuel 22 lesson

2. i. This was a team that needed a leader, and David became captain over them. I pour out my complaint before Him; I declare before Him my trouble. c. So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests: Doeg, who was not a Jew, but an Edomite, didn't hesitate to murder the priests and their families. When we do this, it helps them to see their own wrong actions. Stay with me; do not fear. Poetical Books A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. a. David therefore departed from there: David has been through a lot. David made them into the kind of men described in 1 Chronicles 12:8: Mighty men of valor, men trained for battle, who could handle the shield and spear, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were as swift as gazelles on the mountains. "This is one of the worst acts in the life of Saul; his malice was implacable, and his wrath was cruel, and there is no motive of justice or policy by which such a barbarous act can be justified." Surely, they are working together against you Saul, and Ahimelech probably knows exactly where David is and where he is going!". i. Four hundred men, and desperate men at that. He knew he was called and anointed to be the next king of Israel. Share this page using one of these tools: Email / username or password was incorrect! "Do you see the truth of which this Old Testament story is so graphic a picture? b. Doeg implicates the priest Ahimelech as David's accomplice. The Gospels a. David and the men who were with him had been discovered: When it was just David hiding out from Saul, he could remain hidden for a long time. 22 But if I say to the youth, h ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you,’ then go, for the L ord has sent you away. a. David was restored, but there was still bad fruit to come of the lies, and now David sees and tastes that bad fruit. i. 22 And David said unto Abiathar, I knew it that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul: I have occasioned the death of all the persons of thy father's house. Saul knew that David came from a family of simple farmers, so he calls him by the humblest name he can think of - the son of Jesse. 1 Samuel 22:9-16. For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much: Ahimelech is telling the exact truth. "Hereby also God would exercise David's faith, and wisdom, and courage; and so prepare him for the kingdom, and uphold and increase his reputation among the people." He inquired of the LORD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath. In his mind, David and Ahimelech are out to get him! -------------------- i. David's lies did not directly kill Ahimelech and the other priests. God is the One who saves. He wanted his parents to be safe in whatever battles he may face in the future. "Herein David became a type of Christ, the Captain of our salvation, who cried, 'Come unto me, all ye that are weary.'" He commands the death of priests of the LORD. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point Even though David did not have a problem-free home life, he knew he was still obligated to obey the fifth commandment: Honor your father and your mother (Exodus 20:12). Designed and developed by VBVMI in partnership with Giles-Parscale. So he constructs elaborate conspiracies against him. Conclusions: BSF Study Questions People of the Promised Land 1 Lesson 13, Day 3: 1 Samuel 22 and Psalm 52: What a fascinating look into the mind of a madman and how people will twist whatever they hear to suit their needs. These 400 men sensed that David was the rightful king, and that Saul was just a pretender to the throne. As recorded in 1 Samuel 25:1–9, Samuel the prophet died and all the Israelites gathered to mourn his loss. Not only does he accuse Ahimelech and David of conspiracy against him (you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse), but he also thinks that David is out to kill him (that he should rise against me, to lie in wait). b. I have caused the death of all the persons of your father's house: David meant this in two ways. And everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him. These men were discontented. In Psalm 52, David shows his confidence in God's judgments: God shall likewise destroy you forever; He shall take you away, and pluck you out of your dwelling place, and uproot you from the land of the living. We sometimes think that when we are going through trials, we have a license to be unloving and selfish, but David shows that we can and must care about others instead of becoming self-focused in times of trial. The New Testament One reason why God wanted David in Judah was so that he could do some good. i. Look on my right hand and see, for there is no one who acknowledges me; refuge has failed me; no one cares for my soul. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Dear Abby (1 Samuel 25:1-44) 23. Keith Simons. The Whole Bible But that’s exactly what would have happened had David made that assumption, Which illustrates that we can’t ever assume we have the full picture of God’s will, We must continually return to know our next step in His plan, Just because He delivers us under one set of circumstances doesn’t mean He intended to grant us victory in everything we face, Sometimes, the defeats we encounter in life are the result of walking away from God’s counsel rather than God turning His back on us, The Lord is certainly prepared to defend and protect David, but only according to His plan, Therefore, David models for us the importance of never getting ahead of the Lord, Never presuming too much about the Lord’s willingness to rescue us, whether from life and death or just some temptation into sin, In vs.13-14 Samuel tells us that Saul gave up his pursuit once he learned that David had escaped, Further confirmation that as David moved according to the Lord’s will, he would see protection, Nevertheless, he was living under harsh and uncomfortable circumstances, He was moving around in a harsh wilderness in the hill country, Living on the run like this is never easy, But at least David’s men had some provision now, Remember David’s plight when someone tells you that those who lack comfort or material riches are suffering due to a lack of faith, David’s story is proof that such teaching is false, David was living in depravation precisely because he was in God’s will, This was God’s will for his life, that he would experience this hardship for a time, And by this experience, he would grow closer to the Lord. ’ If I say to the boy, ‘Look, the arrows are on this side of you, take them,’ then you are to come, for, g as the L ord lives, it is safe for you and there is no danger. And he commands the death of their families. And Saul had certainly lost both his spiritual and mental abilities to lead God's people. This put Ahimelech in a very vulnerable position. -------------------- It is a song of: 1. ", David and the men who were with him had been discovered, With a spear in his hand, and all his servants standing about him, Will the son of Jesse give everyone of you fields and vineyards, All of you have conspired against me … there is not one of you who is sorry for me, My son has stirred up my servant against me, He inquired of the LORD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath, Let not the king impute anything to his servant, you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much, And who among all your servants is as faithful as David, "You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and your father's house! 9. The Old Testament So when his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they went down there to him. (Psalm 52:8-9). And there were about four hundred men with him. Major Prophets 23 Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life: but with me thou shalt be in safeguard. He also knew how to divert Saul's anger and suspicion from his own staff to the priests. Note: MLA no longer requires the URL as part of their citation standard. David had to trust and obey when he didn't know what God will do for me, and here he is doing it. 2 Everyone who was in trouble, in debt, or in desperate circumstances gathered around David, and he became their leader. Major Prophets Now, they join him at Adullam cave. David therefore departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. He simply and honestly says, "Let not the king impute anything to his servant.". i. -------------------- Terms and Conditions, ©2020. Saul thinks of himself as the victim! (Psalm 52:5), iii. They wanted something different, and something better, and God called them to David at Adullam cave. You love evil more than good, lying rather than speaking righteousness. You love all devouring words, you deceitful tongue. Saul is throwing a pity … He is training and preparing them for the day when He shall come to reign." This probably wasn't what David really wanted to hear, but he obeyed anyway. (Clarke) "A bloody sentence, harshly pronounced and as rashly executed, without any pause or deliberation, without any remorse or regret. But after that exhilaration wore off, he had a serious problem to consider: what do I do now? I have caused the death of all the persons of your father's house. An unprincipled leader might make these 400 men into a gang of rebels or cutthroats, but David would never allow this to become a rebel army against King Saul. General Epistles Poetical Books So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests, and killed on that day eighty-five men who wore a linen ephod. He didn't say, "The Man Who Killed Goliath," or "The Man Who Killed 200 Philistines," or "The Man Anointed by God." Will I be a man of Saul or a man of David? Pauline Epistles Historical Books b. "His anger was bent against the Lord himself, for taking away his kingdom, and giving it to another: and because he could not come at the Lord, therefore he wreaketh his rage upon his priests." The New Testament ", The servants of the king would not lift their hands to strike the priests of the LORD, So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests, I knew that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul, I have caused the death of all the persons of your father's house, David Guzik :: Génesis 14 – Abram Rescata a Lot y Conoce a Melquisedec, G1 - alpha - Strong's Greek Lexicon (KJV), David Guzik :: Hechos 9 – La Conversión de Saulo de Tarso, David Guzik :: 1 Corintios 7 – Principios Sobre el Matrimonio y la Soltería, A Summary of Each Bible Book - Study Resources, Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Matthew 7:6, David Guzik :: Génesis 3 – La tentación y caída del hombre, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jesus and the Holy Trinity (Walter Martin), Ezekiel 36-39 (1979-82 Audio) (Chuck Smith), Revelation 10-12 (1982-85 Audio) (Chuck Smith), 2 Chronicles 14-18 (1979-82 Audio) (Chuck Smith). Just as in David's day, there is a King in exile who is gathering around Him a company of people who are in distress, in debt, and discontented. c. Doeg was more than an ambitious man looking for any opportunity to promote himself. If Ahimelech would have known of the conflict between David and Saul, he could have chosen to stand with David, and die with greater honor. Saul's dealing with the prophets (such as Samuel) was almost always negative, because Saul resisted the word of God. 1 Samuel chapter 22 summary starts out with David leaving the presence of the king of Gath and dwells in a cave, from whence he sent word to his family where he was and they came to visit and see him. "And Saul pitched in the hill of Hachilah, which [is] before Jeshimon, by the way. DOEG ACCUSES AHIMELECH. As you study 1 Samuel 25, look for a principle that relates to the effects your righteous choices have on the people around you. He needs someone who has no respect nor concern for that Law: a Gentile, And in this case, Saul happens to have that Gentile standing by, Or for that matter, the women, children, even infants, oxen and the rest, There is no indication that the king expected this response, Rather, it seems Doeg went well beyond the call of duty, either out of hatred for Jews or simply to impress the king, The Septuagint indicates that Doeg killed not 85 but rather 385, Josephus also wrote that Doeg killed 300 priests and prophets in Nob, It would seem that he wiped out the family of the high priest and the city of Nob, Ironically, Saul was unwilling to wipe out the Gentile enemies of Israel, the Amalekites, as God directed, But he was all too willing to sin against the Lord by allowing a Gentile to wipe out the Jewish priesthood, But one member of the family survives to perpetuate the priesthood, The priesthood of Eli is doomed to come to an end one day in the future during Solomon’s reign, But for now, it continues through Eli’s family by means of this one refugee, Abiathar escapes from Doeg and makes his way to David, He must have figured that he would be a hunted man like David, so he might as well align with David, Now we can see the wisdom of the Lord in allowing Doeg to attack the priests, This is an example of the Lord turning all things to good for those who love him, Because of Saul’s sin and the sin of this Edomite, the only priest remaining in the line of the high priests is with David, not Saul, David has become the protector of the priesthood and so it will forever be with David, And of course, the Lord is using David and Saul to extinguish the line of Eli as He promised to do, Nevertheless, David is distraught at the thought he was responsible for the death of the priests, David’s blaming himself and though we might be tempted to say he’s overreacting, it’s not far from the truth, His decision to go to the priests was a mistake, And when he saw Doeg, he admits he knew this man would report what he saw, So at the very least he should have stopped Doeg from returning, Nevertheless, David isn’t directly to blame for Saul’s actions, And more than that, he’s psychologically and emotionally unhinged as a result, When Paul says the wages of sin is death, he is speaking broadly about the condition of our soul, When a person lives in persistent sin against the Lord, eventually the wages (i.e., the return) on that lifestyle take their toll, A person suffers a slow death socially, psychologically, physically and even spiritually, If a person has saving faith, then God’s grace will preserve them from the ultimate penalty of their sin, that is the Second Death, But nevertheless, they may still suffer the side effects of sin in this life, This is the state of Saul, a man earning the wages of sin including a deteriorating psyche willing to murder the innocent to obtain what he desires, As David reflected on these circumstances, he wrote another Psalm, Now the story returns to David for a time, once again contrasting the increasing rebellion of Saul with the increasing obedience of David, We assume David returned from Moab to the large cave of Adullam, From there he learns that the Philistines have attacked a Jewish town called Keilah, This town is only about 2.5 miles south of David’s cave, so he recognizes an opportunity to help his Jewish brothers, The Philistines were raiding the grain storage of the Jews living in the surround area of the Shephelah, So David asks the Lord whether he should assist in the defense of the city, Notice David starts with an inquiry of the Lord in prayer, asking for direction, This is the first of four times David seeks the Lord’s counsel in this matter, Interestingly, David’s inquiry of the Lord was by means of the ephod of the high priest who now accompanied him, The ephod of the priest contained two special stones called Urim and Thummim, which means lights and perfection or truth, These stones could be used to divine the will of God, The priest could ask a yes/no question of God and then throw the stones, The stones would then reveal the answer in some way, Obviously, this was a supernatural provision God made available to Israel so that they might seek His will, These stones had been in possession of Saul’s priests, so Saul could have inquired of God at any time, But Saul made no effort to know God’s will, Because he had no interest in following it, The loss of the priests made little difference to Saul, But the arrival of this priest has now become the means for David to operate with the guidance and direction of God, When he asks the Lord whether to proceed into the city, the Lord says go, So David tells his men of the plan, but they object to the sense of it.

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